Profession or baby? Cryopreservation of eggs eliminates the contradiction between the “organic clock” of a lady and her life priorities and needs. This medical process swiftly entered not solely our lives but in addition many myths. We’ll let you know as we speak how you can inform these myths from info.
1. Egg freezing is relevant solely to circumstances of IVF for the remedy of infertility
Cryopreservation, certainly, is utilized in IVF. However not solely. This is only one facet of it. Egg freezing has more and more been utilized by fashionable younger girls who postpone their motherhood for private causes – some are actively engaged in a profession, whereas others don’t have a dependable accomplice.
“Delayed maternity” is a brand new development of our time. Any girl aged 18 to 38 years can freeze her eggs and by no means fear about their future. This turned potential because of the new expertise of freezing – vitrification, during which the egg instantly turns right into a glass construction and utterly preserves its viability after defrost.
2. Egg freezing is a maternity insurance coverage
That is actually insurance coverage. And never solely for many who voluntarily postpone their motherhood due to their careers. Cryopreservation will be related for any girl. Ovarian reserve will not be sturdy – each month we lose a number of eggs, and this can be a pure course of. However there are components that may speed up the decline in pure fertility.
The amount and high quality of eggs are affected by a disturbed hormonal background, endometriosis, ovarian surgical procedures, abortion, smoking, extended use of potent medication, radiation or chemotherapy, chubby or physique weight deficits, and everlasting stress.
For ladies in danger, cryopreservation is a transparent solution to preserve their very own reproductive capability and keep away from the necessity to use donor eggs sooner or later.
3. It is a complicated course of, and it takes numerous time
The entire course of consists of three phases – examination, stimulation of ovulation, and acquiring fetal eggs. In fact, it takes a sure period of time. This system of examinations consists of ultrasound examination of the pelvic and mammary glands, blood checks and swabbing for viruses, infections, hormones, together with Anti-Müllerian hormone. It will reply the query what sort of ovarian reserve a lady has. Additionally, common blood and urine checks, ECG, fluorography, and a bodily examination are carried out. If there isn’t any contraindication, the copy knowledgeable will prescribe stimulation.
Absolute contraindications for egg freezing in case of delayed maternity are acute inflammatory processes and extreme therapeutic pathologies during which hormonal stimulation can’t be carried out, issues with blood clotting, lumps in mammary glands, on the cervix, within the uterus and ovaries. Relative contraindications to cryopreservation of eggs are the age (over 40 years) and low ovarian reserve, on this case, it’s higher to freeze embryos.
4. With age, the cells become older, their reserve is depleted
In late reproductive age, not each thawed egg can provide an embryo. After forty years, cryopreservation of embryos within the framework of the IVF program offers a better likelihood of being pregnant. Storage of frozen embryos isn’t any completely different from storing eggs in a specialised cryostorage (particular person cells, bar coding, cryotops).
Stimulation of ovulation is brief. On common, it takes 10 days and doesn’t require frequent visits to the physician. Injections will be carried out independently at dwelling. They’ve a excessive security profile (they don’t have an effect on weight, they don’t approximate menopause, they don’t result in oncology). Earlier than the process of amassing eggs, you need to restrict bodily exercise and spend a number of quiet days.
Assortment of eggs is carried out within the clinic beneath intravenous anesthesia and takes not more than 15 minutes. In case of cryopreservation of eggs for the aim of delayed maternity, the primary activity is to get as many follicles (ova) as potential – 10-15-20 follicles. That is fairly painful and technically tough. It’s undesirable to hold out the process beneath native anesthesia because it includes dangers.
Any involuntary motion of the affected person could cause harm to the inner organs. A rise in strain on account of stress will not be excluded: even when the affected person is psychologically adjusted to native anesthesia, she is calm and has a traditional ache threshold of sensitivity, she will “fear loads” through the process. Towards the background of excessive strain, there’s a danger of bleeding. Due to this fact, common brief anesthesia is the best choice.
Below the management of an ultrasound machine, a health care provider makes a puncture of the follicles within the ovaries with a particular very skinny needle. The obtained liquid (the contents of the follicles) is instantly examined beneath the microscope by the embryologist, who additionally experiences what number of eggs are obtained and sends them to cryopreservation. An hour or two after the process, you possibly can go away the clinic and go about your small business.
5. Freezing eggs can have an effect on a toddler’s well being.
This isn’t true. The egg freezing program is completely secure and doesn’t have an effect on the well being of the offspring.
6. Cryopreservation of eggs is an costly process
If we think about cryopreservation as an funding in our future, the worth will not be nice. In some circumstances, the fee for egg freezing will be made by the employer beneath the social ensures program. Fb started to pay for freezing eggs of their feminine staff aged as much as 30 years outdated. If an worker is required, such insurance coverage is justified – the girl works for the nice of the corporate, however on the similar time she is aware of that she doesn’t sacrifice her motherhood.
7. I received’t be capable of get pregnant in a foreign country or one other metropolis as a result of my cells are right here.
Fashionable cryobank will not be solely a storage place. There’s additionally a chance of transportation. For transportation, particular tanks are used, that are made from environmentally pleasant sturdy supplies and are capable of stand up to long-term transportation by land and air. The biomaterial in such tanks is reliably protected against any harm. A barcode is utilized to the container, and nitrogen and temperature sensors are additionally added.